ARTISTS OF HISTORICAL SIGNIFICANCE-
Borgonovo/Schweiz 1901 -
Alberto Giacometti was born son of
the neo-impressionist painter Giovanni Giacometti in the Swiss town of
Borgonovo on October 10, 1901. He begins his art studies at the École
des Beaux-Arts and the École des Arts Industriels in Geneva in 1919.
Three years later he goes to Paris, where he attends the sculpting class
of Antoine Bourdelle at the Académie de la Grande Chaumière until 1925.
He starts his first studio together with his brother in Paris in
1925. His sculpting style becomes more lavish and spacious, following
the post-cubist sculptures of, for example, Jacques Lipchitz and
Constantin Brancusi. As of 1925 he finds inspiration in plastic art of
primitive people, as can be observed on the torso from 1925.
executes the "Plates" as of 1926 - flat figures in form of thin slices,
for instance the work Femme-cuiller from 1926-27, with an almost smooth
and even surface, he also uses gypsum and marble for these objects that
call the attention of the Paris circle of surrealists. He joins them for
some time, also showing works in their exhibitions, until they break up
in 1934. During this period he makes a lot of surrealist plastics and
In the second half of the 1930s Alberto Giacometti
works a lot on studies of heads. His figures get smaller and smaller in
size, sometimes they are not bigger than just a few centimeters, but
painting remains a just as important means of artistic expression for
him. He and his brother Diego earn a living by making designs for lamps
and furniture for the Parisian interior architect Jean-Michel Frank.
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"Picasso" redirects here. For other uses, see Picasso (disambiguation).
This name uses Spanish naming customs; the first or paternal family name is Ruiz and the second or maternal family name is Picasso.
Pablo Ruiz y Picasso, known as Pablo Picasso (Spanish: [?paβlo pi?kaso]; 25 October 1881 – 8 April 1973) was a Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, and stage designer who spent most of his adult life in France. As one of the greatest and most influential artists of the 20th century, he is widely known for co-founding the Cubist movement, the invention of constructed sculpture, the co-invention of collage, and for the wide variety of styles that he helped develop and explore. Among his most famous works are the proto-Cubist Les Demoiselles d'Avignon (1907), and Guernica (1937), a portrayal of the German bombing of Guernica during the Spanish Civil War.
Picasso, Henri Matisse and Marcel Duchamp are commonly regarded as the three artists who most defined the revolutionary developments in the plastic arts
in the opening decades of the 20th century, responsible for significant
developments in painting, sculpture, printmaking and ceramics.
Picasso demonstrated extraordinary artistic talent in his early
years, painting in a realistic manner through his childhood and
adolescence. During the first decade of the 20th century, his style
changed as he experimented with different theories, techniques, and
ideas. His revolutionary artistic accomplishments brought him universal
renown and immense fortune, making him one of the best-known figures in 20th-century art.
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(b. Nov. 14, 1840, Paris, Fr.--d. Dec. 5, 1926, Giverny)
French painter, initiator, leader, and unswerving advocate of
He is regarded as the archetypal Impressionist
in that his devotion to the ideals of the movement was
unwavering throughout his long career, and it is
fitting that one of his pictures--Impression: Sunrise
(Musée Marmottan, Paris; 1872)--gave the group
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Born on August 6, 1928, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Andy Warhol was a
successful magazine and ad illustrator who became a leading artist of
the 1960s Pop art movements. He ventured into a wide variety of art
forms, including performance art, filmmaking, video installations and
writing, and controversially blurred the lines between fine art and
mainstream aesthetics. Warhol died on February 22, 1987, in New York
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