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Breast Cancer Awareness Month (BCAM) (also referred to in America as National Breast Cancer Awareness Month (NBCAM)) is an annual international health campaign organized by major breast cancer charities every October to increase awareness of the disease and to raise funds for research into its cause, prevention, diagnosis, treatment and cure. The campaign also offers information and support to those affected by breast cancer.
As well as providing a platform for breast cancer charities to raise awareness of their work and of the disease, BCAM is also a prime opportunity to remind women to be breast aware for earlier detection.
Breast cancer is the most common cancer among American women, after skin cancer. Today, approximately 1 in almost every 8 women (13.4%) will develop breast cancer in her lifetime. Breast cancer is the second-leading cause of cancer death in women after lung cancer -- and is the leading cause of cancer death among women ages 35 to 54. The American Cancer Society estimates that in 2009, approximately 192,370 women will be diagnosed with invasive breast cancer and approximately 40,610 will die. Although these numbers may sound frightening, research reveals that the mortality rate could decrease by 30% if all women age 50 and older who need a mammogram had one.
Only 5% to 10% of breast cancers occur in women with a clearly defined genetic predisposition for the disease. The majority of breast cancer cases are "sporadic," meaning there is no direct family history of the disease. The risk for developing breast cancer increases as a woman ages.
What Are the Symptoms of Breast Cancer?
The symptoms of breast cancer include:
Lump or thickening in or near the breast or in the underarm that persists through the menstrual cycle.
A mass or lump, which may feel as small as a pea.
A change in the size, shape, or contour of the breast.
A blood-stained or clear fluid discharge from the nipple.
A change in the feel or appearance of the skin on the breast or nipple (dimpled, puckered, scaly, or inflamed).
Redness of the skin on the breast or nipple.
A change in shape or position of the nipple
An area that is distinctly different from any other area on either breast.
A marble-like hardened area under the skin.
What Are the Types of Breast Cancer?
The most common types of breast cancer are:
Invasive ductal carcinoma . This cancer starts in the milk ducts of the breast. Then it breaks through the wall of the duct and invades the fatty tissue of the breast. This is the most common form of breast cancer, accounting for 80% of invasive cases.
Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is ductal carcinoma in its earliest stage (Stage 0). In situ refers to the fact that the cancer hasn't spread beyond its point of origin. In this case, the disease is confined to the milk ducts and has not invaded nearby breast tissue. If untreated, ductal carcinoma in situ may become invasive cancer. It is almost always curable.
Infiltrating (invasive) lobular carcinoma. This cancer begins in the lobules of the breast where breast milk is produced, but has spread to surrounding tissues or the rest of the body. It accounts for about 10% of invasive breast cancers.
Lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS) is cancer that is only in the lobules of the breast. It isn't a true cancer, but serves as a marker for the increased risk of developing breast cancer later, possibly in both breasts. Thus, it is important for women with lobular carcinoma in situ to have regular clinical breast exams and mammograms.
In addition, there are several other less common types of breast cancer.
Cancer, also called malignancy, is characterized by an abnormal growth
of cells. There are more than 100 types of cancer, including breast
cancer, skin cancer, lung cancer, colon cancer, prostate cancer, and
lymphoma.Cancer symptoms vary widely based on the type of cancer. Cancer
treatment includes chemotherapy, radiation, and surgery. If you’re
considering complementary treatments for cancer, discuss this with your
doctor as they may interact with other cancer treatment.
TYPES OF CANCER-TOO MANY,LET'S MAKE IT DISAPPEAR
Related To Cancer
Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
Cancer Clinical Trials
Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
Non-Melanoma Skin Cancer
Uterine (Endometrial) Cancer
Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) Adolescents, Cancer in Adrenocortical Carcinoma Childhood AIDS-Related Cancers Kaposi Sarcoma Lymphoma Anal Cancer Appendix Cancer Astrocytomas, Childhood (See What Are Childhood Astrocytomas?) Atypical Teratoid/Rhabdoid Tumor, Childhood, Central Nervous System
Basal Cell Carcinoma - see Skin Cancer (Nonmelanoma) Bile Duct Cancer, Extrahepatic Bladder Cancer Childhood Bone Cancer, Osteosarcoma and Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma Brain Stem Glioma, Childhood Brain Tumor Astrocytomas, Childhood (See What Are Childhood Astrocytomas?) Brain and Spinal Cord Tumors, Childhood Brain Stem Glioma, Childhood Central Nervous System Atypical Teratoid/Rhabdoid Tumor, Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors, Childhood (See What Are Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors?) Craniopharyngioma, Childhood Ependymoblastoma, Childhood (See What Are Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors?) Ependymoma, Childhood Medulloblastoma, Childhood Medulloepithelioma, Childhood (See What Are Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors?) Pineal Parenchymal Tumors of Intermediate Differentiation, Childhood (See What Are Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors?) Supratentorial Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumors and Pineoblastoma, Childhood Breast Cancer Childhood Male Pregnancy, Breast Cancer and Bronchial Tumors, Childhood Burkitt Lymphoma - see Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
Carcinoid Tumor Childhood Gastrointestinal Carcinoma of Unknown Primary Childhood Central Nervous System Atypical Teratoid/Rhabdoid Tumor, Childhood Embryonal Tumors, Childhood (See What Are Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors?) Lymphoma, Primary Cervical Cancer Childhood Childhood Cancers Chordoma, Childhood Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL) Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML) Chronic Myeloproliferative Disorders Colon Cancer Colorectal Cancer Childhood Craniopharyngioma, Childhood Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma - see Mycosis Fungoides and Sézary Syndrome
Duct, Bile, Extrahepatic Ductal Carcinoma In Situ (DCIS)
Embryonal Tumors, Central Nervous System, Childhood (See What Are Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors?) Endometrial Cancer Ependymoblastoma, Childhood (See What Are Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors?) Ependymoma, Childhood Esophageal Cancer Childhood Esthesioneuroblastoma, Childhood Ewing Sarcoma Family of Tumors Extracranial Germ Cell Tumor, Childhood Extragonadal Germ Cell Tumor Extrahepatic Bile Duct Cancer Eye Cancer Intraocular Melanoma Retinoblastoma
Fibrous Histiocytoma of Bone, Malignant, and Osteosarcoma
Gallbladder Cancer Gastric (Stomach) Cancer Childhood Gastrointestinal Carcinoid Tumor Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors (GIST) - see Soft Tissue Sarcoma Childhood Germ Cell Tumor Extracranial, Childhood Extragonadal Ovarian Gestational Trophoblastic Tumor Glioma - see Brain Tumor Childhood Brain Stem
Hairy Cell Leukemia Head and Neck Cancer Childhood Heart Cancer, Childhood Hepatocellular (Liver) Cancer Histiocytosis, Langerhans Cell Hodgkin Lymphoma Hypopharyngeal Cancer
Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis Laryngeal Cancer Childhood Leukemia Acute Lymphoblastic (ALL) Acute Myeloid (AML) Chronic Lymphocytic (CLL) Chronic Myelogenous (CML) Hairy Cell Lip and Oral Cavity Cancer Liver Cancer (Primary) Lobular Carcinoma In Situ (LCIS) Lung Cancer Non-Small Cell Small Cell Lymphoma AIDS-Related Burkitt - see Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Cutaneous T-Cell - see Mycosis Fungoides and Sézary Syndrome Hodgkin Non-Hodgkin Primary Central Nervous System (CNS)
Macroglobulinemia, Waldenström Male Breast Cancer Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of Bone and Osteosarcoma Medulloblastoma, Childhood Medulloepithelioma, Childhood (See What Are Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors?) Melanoma Childhood Intraocular (Eye) Merkel Cell Carcinoma Mesothelioma, Malignant Childhood Metastatic Squamous Neck Cancer with Occult Primary Mouth Cancer Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Syndromes, Childhood Multiple Myeloma/Plasma Cell Neoplasm Mycosis Fungoides Myelodysplastic Syndromes Myelodysplastic/Myeloproliferative Neoplasms Myelogenous Leukemia, Chronic (CML) Myeloid Leukemia, Acute (AML) Myeloma, Multiple Myeloproliferative Disorders, Chronic
Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinus Cancer Nasopharyngeal Cancer Childhood Neuroblastoma Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Oral Cancer Childhood Oral Cavity Cancer, Lip and Oropharyngeal Cancer Osteosarcoma and Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of Bone Ovarian Cancer Childhood Epithelial Germ Cell Tumor Low Malignant Potential Tumor
Pancreatic Cancer Childhood Islet Cell Tumors Papillomatosis, Childhood Paraganglioma Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity Cancer Parathyroid Cancer Penile Cancer Pharyngeal Cancer Pheochromocytoma Pineal Parenchymal Tumors of Intermediate Differentiation, Childhood (See What Are Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors?) Pineoblastoma and Supratentorial Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumors, Childhood Pituitary Tumor Plasma Cell Neoplasm/Multiple Myeloma Pleuropulmonary Blastoma, Childhood Pregnancy and Breast Cancer Primary Central Nervous System (CNS) Lymphoma Prostate Cancer
Rectal Cancer Renal Cell (Kidney) Cancer Renal Pelvis and Ureter, Transitional Cell Cancer Respiratory Tract Cancer with Chromosome 15 Changes Retinoblastoma Rhabdomyosarcoma, Childhood
Salivary Gland Cancer Childhood Sarcoma Ewing Sarcoma Family of Tumors Kaposi Soft Tissue Uterine Sézary Syndrome Skin Cancer Childhood Melanoma Merkel Cell Carcinoma Nonmelanoma Small Cell Lung Cancer Small Intestine Cancer Soft Tissue Sarcoma Squamous Cell Carcinoma - see Skin Cancer (Nonmelanoma) Squamous Neck Cancer with Occult Primary, Metastatic Stomach (Gastric) Cancer Childhood Supratentorial Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumors, Childhood
T-Cell Lymphoma, Cutaneous - see Mycosis Fungoides and Sézary Syndrome Testicular Cancer Childhood Throat Cancer Thymoma and Thymic Carcinoma Childhood Thyroid Cancer Childhood Transitional Cell Cancer of the Renal Pelvis and Ureter Trophoblastic Tumor, Gestational
Unknown Primary, Carcinoma of Childhood Unusual Cancers of Childhood Ureter and Renal Pelvis, Transitional Cell Cancer Urethral Cancer Uterine Cancer, Endometrial Uterine Sarcoma